GARRA RUFA – Cyprion Macrostomus – Facts Info (Trip to Greece for search the doctor fish)

GARRA RUFA – Cyprion Macrostomus – Facts Info (Trip to Greece for search the doctor fish)

Name, family:

Garra rufa, doctor fish, cyprion macrostomus, pedicure fish. Belonging to the Cyprinidae family is widespread in the fresh waters of Turkey, Iran, Syria, Jordan and river basin of the Tigris and Euphrates, where he lives rivers, lagoons, canals, ponds.

Feature and Behavoir:


Garra rufa has squat body and elongated, rounded section, translucent robust fins. The mouth is facing downwards and is provided with barbs. The caudal fin is stocky, short and bilobed. Feathers ranging from brown yellow to greenish brown with dark patches. The scales are large and profiled, often not all of the same color. have small teeth placed directly arch pharyngeal throat. living about 4-5 years.

Garra rufa are used as therapy for the treatment of psoriasis and other dermatological disorders. They are traditionally used to make treatment of podiatry. The doctor fish will begin to “nibble” away the dead or damaged skin freeing the pores and promoting blood circulation. their little mouth stimulate acupuncture points freeing the fatigue feet. When removing dry skin and calluses, the Cyprion Macrostomus issue a special enzyme, “Dithranol”, which acts quickly on the skin regeneration, making very valuable treatment for example in cases of psoriasis. According to a recent study of health inspectors the risk of infections such as hepatitis and HIV is quite unlikely. However this practice is contraindicated for diabetics, subject to psoriasis or a weak immune system.

Fishes’s coexistence :

Keep them in a tank of about 150 liter in asmall group of 6/7 specimens, the Garra rufa, like all tropical fish, need stable environment, including water filtration systems, periodic analysis and daily feeding provided hiding places and territorial divisions, using plants, wood and stones, Garra rufa loves fact rummage the bottom looking for micro organism and small worms, this fish not eat healthy plants, it will feed only when necessary instead of any decaying foliage. The strong, direct light is not loved by Garra rufa, It is not very compatible with other species of the bottom.

Sexual dimorphism and Breeding:MVI_5140.MOV.Immagine003

It is oviparous have a external fertilization, dimorphism is not pronounced, it will be noticed only during reproduction.

Feeding and Maintenance:

It is a omnivorous fish and feeds mainly on phytoplankton (algae) and animal debris. This fish although if is not one of the most famous, is one of the best of algae-eater fish.


From 5 to 10 euro.

Maximum dimension: 10 cm

Swimming level: bottom

Ideal temperature range: 25°- 30° Celsius

 PH range: 7 – 7.8

 GH range: 6 – 16