ANUBIAS technical description and management (all varieties)

ANUBIAS technical description and management (all varieties)

Name: Anubias

Family: Araceae

Origin and habitat: It comes from the Araceae family and comes from Africa, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Congo. They exist in various sizes and different varieties. The Anubias are the most known and used plants in the world of the aquaristic for their beauty and ease of maintenance, they are generally dark green with heart-shaped leaves with slightly wavy edges. They are epiphytes and therefore possess a rhizome from which extend the stems and roots that have the particularity of attaching themselves to furniture such as woods or stones, so be careful not to bury the rhizome because it may rot, we can only plant the roots. Depending on the species and the proportion of the tank they can be used both as background plants and as foreground plants since their growth will be slow and will remain at the level of when purchased, remember to place them in shaded areas as they are subject to algae formation if exposed to direct light. It is not easily eaten by phytophagous fish, so it is also compatible with African cichlids such as Pelvicacrhomis or Goldfish, and Discus. They are also very resistant to high temperatures above 26 ° Celsius.

Anubias Gigantea: The Gigantea variety, as we can deduce from the name, is the largest of all, derives from the West of Africa and is certainly a plant to be placed on background in a tank, since it will reach even 30/40 cm in height. Need a medium light and its growth is very slow, like all the other variety.

Anubias Barteri: This variety derives from the West of Africa and is one of the largest, so as to consider a medium or background plant, needs a medium light and reaches 20 – 30 cm in height.

Anubias CoffefoliaThis plant comes from the West of Africa, has a slow growth but comes from an average height, around 15/20 cm, is therefore to be considered a plant for the medium or background, needs little light, otherwise it could form algae on the surface of the leaves. This type is characterized by a very dark color and a very wavy leaf, among all the varieties it is the one that needs less light.

Anubias Congensis: This kind derives from the West of Africa, reaches a medium height and is therefore to be considered a plant for the medium or foreground depending on the tank used here, reaches the maximum height of 10/15 cm and requires a quantity of average light, even if its growth will be slow. The main feature of this variety is the slightly more elongated shape of the leaf compared to the others.

Anubias Gracilis: This variety is distinguished from the others by the shape of its leaves, very triangular and spear-shaped, can grow up to 20/30 cm in height so it is considered a plant for the medium or background depending on the aquarium in which it is used . It needs a medium light for its growth that will be slow like all the other varieties.

Anubias Longifolia: This variety of Anubias is distinguished from the others by the particularity of its leaves that when they grow, will tend to have a more elongated shape than the others, comes from the west of Africa and needs a medium amount of light, its growth will be slow but it will reach 20/25 cm in height, so you can use it as a medium or background plant in the tank.

Anubias Nana Petit: TheAnubias Nana variety comes from the Cameroon in Africa, is very small in nature both in terms of leaves, both in terms of total size, is generally used for decorations of foreground, since it reaches 5/10 cm maximum height . It does not need a lot of light, rather it should be positioned in areas of shadow if you want to avoid the formation of algae on its leaves, its growth is slow like all the others kinds

Anubias Nana “Round Leaf”: This variety, as we can understand from the name, derives from the selection in cultivation of the Anubias Nana, has the particularity of being very small and of having the leaves of a round shape. As for the dimensions, it reaches a maximum of 5/10 cm in height, does not require much light and is generally used for the foreground, its growth will be slow and should be positioned on furnishings mainly in shaded areas.

Anubias Nana “Marina”This variety derives from the selection of Anubias Nana, it is a plant with reduced dimensions, it reaches a maximum of 5/10 cm and is therefore often used for decorations on the foreground, it does not need strong light, rather it is placed in shaded areas if possible to avoid the formation of algae on the leaves, growth is slow. The “marine” truth is a clone produced by Troplant, it has the particularity of growing very compact with narrow and pointed leaves.

Anubias Bonsai: This variety comes from the selection of some crops and is particular for its very small size, it is the smallest of all and therefore to be considered a plant fore the foreground because it has very small leaves and reaches the maximum height of 5 cm. It requires not much light and its growth is very slow.

Riproduction and multiplication: If we want to multiply the plant, we must cut the rhizome but pay attention that the removed part has at least of 3/4 leaves so that it can start again and continue to grow. Sexual reproduction occurs only if the flower is produced and emerges from the water for pollination, but in home aquariums it is very difficult.

Fertilizer and substrate: The Anubias are generally very easy to manage because they do not need strong fertilization either dissolved in water, or on the ground by fertile soils, besides it does not need strong lighting or Co2 carbon dioxide supplement to be able to grow up. It will therefore be necessary to provide liquid fertilizer in a moderate and constant manner, generally consisting of a base of bivalent chelated iron and manganese to avoid the appearance of yellow spots on the leaves (chlorosis).

Price: 4 / 5 € for one jar.

Temperature Range: 22°- 30° Celsius

PH Range : 6 – 8

GH Range : 4 – 30

Light: low / medium

Growth speed: slow

Cultivation difficulty : easy